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Confused about Florida Golf Cart Laws? Golf carts, Low Speed Vehicles (LSVs), Neighborhood Electric Vehicles? What are the differences and what do I need to know before operating one?

In this blog we will answer:

  • What are the differences between Golf Carts, Low Speed Vehicles (LSVs), Neighborhood Electric Vehicles?
  • What are the laws for operating golf carts and low speed vehicles (lsv) in the state of Florida?
  • Are laws for low-speed vehicles (lsv) different than the laws for golf carts in the state of Florida?
  • How can I ensure that my cart is street legal and ready to drive?
  • What is the process for registering, titling and insuring a golf cart or low speed vehicle (lsv) in the state of Florida?

Keep reading below to learn the differences between golf carts and low speed vehicles (lsv) in Florida defined by Florida Highway and Motor safety.

Golf Carts & Florida Law

Florida law section 320.01(22), Florida Statutes defines golf carts as vehicles primarily used on golf courses, limiting their speed to 20 miles per hour. Golf carts can be operated on roadways with speed limits that do not exceed 30 miles per hour. To be legally driven on public roads, golf carts must have the following safety features:

  • Turn signals
  • Side mirrors
  • Brake lights
  • Headlights and Taillights
  • Seat Belts for each passenger
  • A windshield
  • A windshield wiper
  • A reflective slow moving vehicle triangle mounted on the back.
  • Reflective safety stickers on front and back driver and passenger sides of vehicle

It’s important to note that operation of a golf cart in Orlando must comply with the ordinances set by the local government, even if those ordinances are more restrictive than that of the State of Florida, so it is wise to check in on the ordinances of the municipality in which you are planning to operate a golf cart before doing so.

In order to legally operate a golf cart on public roads in Florida, a person must be 18 years old unless they possess a valid learner’s permit/license or have a valid driver’s license. If a person is 18 years old and does not have a valid driver’s license, then they are required to possess a valid government issued photographic identification while operating the cart.

Penalties for violation of Florida golf cart laws results in a noncriminal traffic violation and is punishable under Florida law, pursuant to chapter 318 as a moving violation or nonmoving violation.

Chapter 318 – 2021 Florida Statutes – The Florida Senate (flsenate.gov)

But wait, are Low speed Vehicles different from golf carts? And if so, are there different laws that regulate LSVs?

The answer is, YES! Keep reading below to learn more…

Low Speed Vehicles & Florida Law

Section 320.01(41), Florida Statutes, defines LSVs as “any four-wheeled vehicle whose top speed is greater than 20 miles per hour, but not greater than 25 miles per hour.” In order to operate a Low-Speed Vehicles (LSVs), the vehicle must be registered with the State of Florida as a low-speed vehicle, it must be titled, registered and carry insurance. Insurance must carry personal injury protection (PIP) and property damage liability (PDL). The operator of the LSV must also possess a valid driver’s license. Note, this is different than the laws governing the operation of a golf cart in that a person with a valid learner’s permit may operate a golf cart but a driver’s license is requires to operate a low speed vehicle (LSV).

Golf Carts that have been registered as Low-Speed Vehicles (LSVs) can drive on streets with a posted speed limit that does not exceed 35 miles per hour (MPH). Low speed vehicle must also have the following safety equipment installed prior to operation:

  • Front and rear turn signals
  • Front Headlights/lamps
  • Tail-lights/ rear lamps
  • Break lights/stop lamps
  • Reflect reflectors, red – one each side and one on the rear.
  • Exterior mirror on the drivers side and an interior rear-view mirror or exterior mirror on passenger side.
  • Parking Break
  • Windshield with wiper
  • Department of Transportation approved (DOT) Seat belts for each passenger
  • Assigned Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)

Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) & Florida Law

A neighborhood electric vehicle or NEV is a small electric vehicle designed for us in residential neighborhoods and other low-speed environments. NEVs typically top out at speeds of 25 mph or less. They are not allowed on highways or other high-speed roadways and are seen as convenient and environmentally friendly ways to get around local communities and neighbors (hence the name!)

As far as the State of Florida is concerned, Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) fall under the legal category for low-speed vehicles and are governed by their laws meaning you will need to register your NEV if you plan to drive it on any public roadways.

Registering, Titling and Insuring a Golf Cart, Low Speed Vehicle (LSV) or Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV)

In order to register and title your golf cart or Low Speed Vehicle (LSV) in the state of Florida:

  • Obtain the Manufacturer’s Certificate of Origin
  • Complete Form 82040 (application for title)
  • Provide proof of Florida insurance (minimum $10,000 Property Damage Liability (PDL) and $10,000 Personal Protection (PIP)
  • Have a valid Florida Driver’s License
  • Pay applicable fees:
    • Title Fee
    • Plate Fee
    • Initial registration fee
    • Meet all LSV state requirements

Navigating registration, titling, and insurance to make your golf cart street legal can feel intimidating, hard to navigate and time consuming. Let Adventure EV take the guess work out of the process for you. Our team can handle Title and Registration for you and deliver your cart LSV ready with Tag already on it and ready to drive! Just ask us about our street legal package. We can also recommend trusted insurance brokers to help secure low fee insurance for your LSV or golf cart.

Trust Adventure EV to handle the process for you so you can spend more time on fun and adventure and less time on paperwork and details!

Paulette klein

Paulette Klein is the Co-Owner of Adventure EV, an electric golf cart dealership in Orlando with three locations. With 14+ years experience in Business, Retail and Hospitality, she is passionate about her community, family, travel and anything adventurous.

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